Approach Integrated Cockpit

 

For Pocket PC

 

Users Manual

 

 

 

 

           

 

 

 

 


Table of Contents

Introduction

Main Features

Menus

APIC Instruments

            Primary Flight Display (PFD)

            Moving Map Display (MFD)

            Vertical Navigation (VNAV)

            Satellites

            Nearest Airports

            Airspeed

            Altimeter

            Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)

            Navigation Indicator

            Time

            Engine Speed (RPM)

            Fuel

            Engine Temperature

            Engine Parameters

 

Check List

Flight Plan

Settings

Airport Information

Quick Start

Warnings

Flight Data Sources

Introduction

 

            The Approach Integrated Cockpit (APIC) is a fully integrated digital display of state of the art avionics for flight control, navigation and engine monitoring.

 

Main Features

  • Primary Flight Display includes:
    1. Attitude indicator.  Attitude can be driven from either an external AHRS or from GPS.
    2. Speed tape.
    3. Heading tape.  Heading can be displayed as either true or magnetic heading.
    4. Altitude tape.
    5. Vertical speed indicator.
    6. System warnings.
    7. Flight guidance information and needles.

 

  • Integrated Moving Map includes:
    1. World Wide Aviation Data for airports, runways, airspace boundaries, navaids, restricted areas and military operation areas available for over 200 countries.  This data is updated every 28 days per the FAA schedule.  The default install includes US, Canada and Mexico.

 

This product was developed using DAFIF, a product of the National Imagery and Mapping Agency.  This product has not been endorsed or otherwise approved by the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, or the United States Department of Defense.

 

    1. Obstacles for the United States, Canada and Mexico.
    2. 2D Terrain awareness.  Terrain turns red when there is a potential threat of impact.
    3. Geographical features such as lakes, road, state/country boundaries, cities, urban areas, railroads, wilderness areas, rivers.
    4. Flight Plan guidance.  Flight plans can include airports, navaids, FAA defined waypoints and user defined waypoints.
    5. Vertical and horizontal flight guidance to any runway in the world.
    6. Gas-n-Grub feature displays a fuel pump icon next to all airports with self-serve fuel (available 24/7) and a fork and knife icon next to all airports with a restaurant on the field.
    7. Detailed airport Information is displayed when you tap on any airport within view.  You can also start a go direct-to flight plan to the airport or to any runway at the airport.
    8. Approach charts, departure procedures, airport diagrams and more can also be accessed from the detailed airport information display.
    9. Route tracking.
    10. Bright display for day and darkened display for night.
    11. Auto-zoom when a flight plan is active.  The map range is automatically zoomed in as you approach the flight plan destination.
    12. All display features are user selectable.
    13. The map range is user selectable from 2 to 500 nm.

 

  • Vertical Navigation instrument can display terrain in the flight path and flight guidance when a flight plan to a runway is active.

 

  • Engine Monitoring Instruments are available when Apic is connected to the Approach Engine Pod.  These instruments include:
    1. RPM / Manifold Pressure.
    2. Fuel levels, pressure, flow rate and time remaining.
    3. Engine temperatures.
    4. Critical engine parameters.

 

  • Virtual Steam Gauges (For those who aren’t sure if they like change).  These instruments include:
    1. Airspeed indicator
    2. Altimeter
    3. Vertical speed indicator
    4. Navigation indicator (VOR/HSI).

 

  • Nearest airport display with distance, heading and “look-ahead” ATIS frequencies.  Tap any airport to get detailed airport information and/or start a go direct-to flight plan.
  • Time.  Local, UTC time, 2min count-down timer, count-up timer.
  • Checklists for all phases of flight.
  • Both visual and audio voice alerts.
  • Easily extended from a PDA and GPS to a fully redundant panel mount solution.

 

Coming Soon

  • Integrated weather depiction.
  • Instrument Flight Procedures.
  • Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS).
  • Autopilot integration.
  • In-flight camera and entertainment display.

 

 

 

Menus

 

Below is a brief description of each of the items that can be found on the APIC menu bar.  Tap any of the hyperlinks to get more detailed information.

 

  • APIC
    1. View – Select one of the following items to change the instrument that is currently being displayed.
      • PFD – Primary Flight Display
      • MFD – Moving Map or Multi-Function Display
      • VNav – Vertical navigation display
      • RPM – Engine speed and Manifold Pressure
      • Fuel – Fuel usage
      • Satellites – satellite status display
      • Eng.Temp – Engine temperatures
      • Eng.Params – Engine parameters
      • Nearest Arpts – Nearest airport display and selection
      • Airspeed – Standard airspeed indicator
      • Altimeter – Standard altimeter
      • VSI – Standard vertical speed indicator
      • Indicator – Virtual navigation indicator
      • Time – Time display, count-up timer and 2 minute count-down timer
    1. Checklist – Display a series of checklists that may be used during various phases of flight.
    2. Flight Plan – Display the flight plan dialog where you can enter a flight plan or recall a saved flight plan.
    3. User Waypoints – Display the User Waypoint dialog where you can edit, add, delete or start a “go direct-to” flight plan for any user- defined waypoint.
    4. Find – find an airport by entering its identifier and display the detailed airport information dialog.
    5. Pan – Toggle the moving map from navigation mode to pan mode or visa versa.
    6. Settings – Display the Settings dialog where you can set heading, speed or altitude bugs, select the items displayed on the moving map or set aircraft parameters, limits and connections.
    7. Help – Display this help file.
    8. About – Display information about APIC
    9. Simulation Mode – Stop the GPS enabled navigation mode and enter the simulation mode.
    10. Quit – Close the APIC application.

 

 

APIC Instruments

 

Primary Flight Display (PFD)

 

           

 

The Primary Flight Display couples many of the standard flight instruments into a single convenient display.  Information displayed on this view includes:

  • Attitude – An artificial horizon is used to depict pitch and roll of the aircraft.  Attitude can be derived from either an external Attitude Heading Reference System (AHRS) or from the GPS.  When attitude is derived from the GPS, the pitch indication will display the flight path angle rather than the aircraft pitch angle.  Roll assumes a coordinated turn.  Tap the center of the Attitude indicator to toggle between the full screen view and the 777 view.
  • Heading – The compass tape at the top of the view displays either true or magnetic heading.  Tap the heading value box to toggle between true and magnetic heading.  Tap anywhere else on the heading tape to set the heading bug.  Heading can be derived from either an external AHRS or from GPS.
  • Airspeed – The airspeed tape on the left displays Indicated Airspeed (IAS), True Airspeed (TAS) or Ground Speed (GS).  Tap the box below the airspeed tape to toggle the type of speed displayed.  IAS and TAS are only available if an external Environmental pod is connected to the APIC network.  Tap anywhere on the speed tape to set the speed bug.
  • Altitude – The altitude tape on the right displays pressure corrected altitude.  The altitude value will be displayed in red if there are not enough active satellites to determine an accurate altitude.  Altitude may be adjusted for barometric pressure changes by tapping the virtual Kollman window box beneath the altitude tape and entering a new pressure value.  Tap anywhere on the altitude tape to set the altitude bug.  Tap the altitude value box when on the ground at an airport to automatically calibrate the altitude to field elevation.
  • Vertical Speed – Vertical speed is displayed in the area to the right of the altitude tape.
  • System Warnings – Warnings will be displayed as needed at the bottom-center of the PFD.
  • Flight plan guidance information will be displayed at the bottom of the PFD when a flight plan is active.
  • Satellites – The number of active satellites and satellites in view are displayed on the top portion of the attitude indicator next to the satellite icon.

 

Note:  This instrument requires at least a functioning GPS to be valid.  However, addition of an Attitude Heading Reference System (AHRS) to the APIC network is recommended.  The Environmental Pod is still currently under development.


 

Moving Map or Multi-Function Display (MFD)

 

                       

 

The moving map displays essential flight information such as heading, speed and altitude.  In addition, the moving map displays the location of airports, navaids, boundaries of controlled airspace and special use areas such as restricted areas and military operation areas.  Airports are always displayed; however, navaids, boundaries and special use areas may be displayed or removed to de-clutter the display.  You may select what is displayed by navigating to the APIC->Settings menu and checking/un-checking the items you want displayed.

 

  • Airspeed – tap on the airspeed box to toggle between miles-per-hour and knots.
  • Heading – tap on the heading box to toggle between true and magnetic heading.
  • Altitude – the altitude value turns red if there aren’t enough active satellites to determine an accurate altitude.
  • Range – tap above the range value to zoom out or below the range value to zoom in.  You can also press the up or down arrows.   The map range will automatically zoom in as you approach the destination of a flight plan.
  • View type – tap the airplane to toggle between the look-ahead view and the full circle view.
  • Airports – Airports are always displayed unless the zoom range is greater than 200nm.  Airports with towers are displayed in blue, military airports are displayed in green and all other airports are displayed in magenta.  Tap on any airport to see detailed information for that airport.  A fuel pump icon is displayed to the right of all airports with self-serve fuel if this option is enabled from the settings dialog and the map zoom range is 200 nm or less.  A fork and knife icon is displayed to the right of all airports with a restaurant on the field if this option is enabled from the settings dialog and the map zoom range is 200 nm or less. 
  • Airport runways will be visible when the map range is 25nm or less.
  • Navaid icons are displayed if this option is enabled from the settings dialog and the map zoom range is 150 nm or less.  Tap the navaid to see detailed information about it or to start a go direct-to flight plan to the navaid.
  • Airspace boundaries for controlled airspace are displayed as a solid blue line if this option is enabled from the settings dialog.  The lower and upper altitudes for each area are also printed in blue.
  • Special use areas - boundaries for special use areas such as Military operation areas (MOA) and Restricted areas are displayed as a dashed blue line if this option is enabled from the settings dialog.
  • Waypoints are displayed as a small blue triangle if this option is enabled from the settings dialog.  Only Visual Reporting Points are displayed, other waypoints such as Initial Approach fixes (IAF), Final Approach Fixes (FAF) are available for use in constructing flight plans, but because of the vast number, only visual reporting points are displayed at this time.
  • Obstacles are displayed automatically so that they are available when they are a concern.  When on the ground (speed is less than Vso) obstacles are not displayed so that they don’t clutter the display while setting up or flight planning.  Obstacles are always displayed when the aircraft is flying and below 1000 ft.  As soon as an obstacle is more than 500 ft or more below the aircraft, it is removed from the display.  If there are 10 or less obstacles within range then a large red tower icon  is displayed.  If there are more than 10 obstacles within range then a small red icon  is displayed to prevent excessive clutter.  If the map range is less than 10 nm, then the height of the tower is also displayed above the tower.
  • User waypoints are displayed as small red concentric circles when this option is enabled from the settings dialog.  The user waypoint name is displayed below the circles.
  • Route tracking is displayed as a dashed green line when this option is enabled from the settings dialog.  A new point on the route is gathered whenever the aircraft travels 1/10th of the current map range for a total of up to 1000 points.  For example, if the map range to 5nm then a new point will be added to the route track every 0.5nm.  At a map range of 5nm the route can be as long as 500nm before Apic start to drop old points to make room for the new points.  The map range can be changed at any time so that detailed tracking can be done during take-off and landing and less detailed tracking during enroute operations.
  • Day/Night display – If terrain is not displayed, then the map background can be changed to white or black.  Use a white background for maximum brightness during the day and a black background at night to dim the map brightness.  The white background is selected by checking the “Bright Display” option on the settings dialog.
  • State Boundaries are displayed by selecting this option from the settings dialog.
  • Roads are displayed by selecting this option from the settings dialog.
  • Lakes are displayed by selecting this option from the settings dialog.
  • Cities are displayed by selecting this option from the settings dialog.
  • Urban Areas are displayed by selecting this option from the settings dialog.
  • Railroads are displayed by selecting this option from the settings dialog.
  • Wilderness areas are displayed by selecting this option from the settings dialog.
  • Rivers are displayed by selecting this option from the settings dialog.
  • 2D Terrain is displayed by selecting this option from the settings dialog.  The check box for 2D Terrain is a 3-state check box.  No check means that terrain will not be displayed.  A grayed check means that the terrain will be displayed without any altitude warnings.  A normal check means that the terrain will be displayed and any terrain that is 500ft below the aircraft to any altitude above the aircraft will be displayed in some shade of red.  Different shades of red are used to give some distinction to the different terrain elevations.
  • Flight guidance is enabled whenever a flight plan is in effect.  A Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) needle will be displayed at the bottom of the map during enroute operations.  A Glide Slope (GS) needle will be displayed across the entire map during vertical navigation to a runway.  The flight plan destination and distance to the destination will be displayed on the upper-left corner of the map.  Information about the next waypoint will be displayed on the upper-right corner of the map.  This information includes: name of the next waypoint, cross-track error from the path to the next waypoint in nautical miles, bearing to the next waypoint, distance to the next waypoint and estimated time enroute (ETE) to the next waypoint.
  • AGL – Altitude above ground level is displayed in the lower right corner of the map.  This is the altitude above the nearest airport.
  • Off-route terrain clearance altitude (ORTCA) is displayed in the lower-right corner of the map.
  • Pan feature This feature is enabled by selecting “Pan” from the main menu.  When in Pan Mode four arrows  are displayed so that you can pan to any location.  You can still change the map range, tap on airports or navaids.  Tapping on any other location on the map will bring up a prompt to add a user waypoint for that location.  Select “Pan” from the main menu again to return to Navigation Mode.

 

 

Note: This instrument requires a functioning GPS to be valid.


Vertical Navigation

 

           

 

The Vertical Navigation page can display a profile of terrain ahead of the aircraft as well as the vertical descent path to a selected runway. 

 

·        Terrain - To display terrain on this instrument, select the terrain option on the settings dialog.  The distance from the left side of the display to the right side is the same as the map range.  You can change the map range from the moving map display.

  • Vertical guidance – After arriving in the vicinity of the destination airport, tap the destination airport to bring up the detailed airport information.  Select the “Runways” tab and select the active runway for that airport.  Tap the “Direct-to” tab at the bottom and a flight plan will be created automatically that will take you to the Outer-Marker, then to the Middle-Marker, Inner-marker and finally to the touch-down point on the runway.  If the runway does not have an ILS then virtual markers will be created.  The touch-down point will be created at 1000 ft beyond the runway threshold.  The virtual outer-marker (VOM) will be created at 5nm from the touch-down point.  The virtual middle-marker (VMM) will be created at 0.5nm from the touch down point.  The virtual inner-marker (VIM) will be created at the runway threshold.  Apic will draw a descent line to the touch-down point of the runway on the Vertical Navigation page.  If an ILS is defined for the runway the descent slope will be that of the ILS.  If no ILS is defined for the runway then an angle of 3 degrees will be used. 

 

NOTE:  A virtual approach to a runway does NOT guarantee terrain clearance!  APIC is not an IMC certified instrument.  APIC can help with situational awareness; however, you must use certified equipment for Instrument approaches.

 

·        CDI – A course deviation indicator needle will be displayed at the top of the screen when a flight plan is in progress.

·        GS – The glide slope descent path to a runway will be displayed as a magenta line.  A glide slope indicator needle will be displayed along the right edge of the screen when a flight plan is in progress.

·        Outer-marker – A vertical line with the letters “OM” above it will be displayed to indicate the distance to the outer-marker if it is within range and within +/- 30 degrees of the aircrafts heading.

·        Middle-marker – A vertical line with the letters “MM” above it will be displayed to indicate the distance to the middle-marker if it is within range and within +/- 30 degrees of the aircrafts heading.

·        Inner-marker – A vertical line with the letters “IM” above it will be displayed if it is within range and within +/- 30 degrees of the aircrafts heading and the approach has a designated inner-marker as part of an ILS.

·        Airport Altitude – The airport altitude will be printed beneath the representation of the runway.

·        Aircraft Altitude – The aircraft altitude will be printed above the aircraft.  Both altitude in MSL and AGL will be printed.  AGL refers to the elevation of the end of the runway designated by the flight plan.

·        Flight Plan Information - The flight plan destination and distance to the destination are printed in the upper-left corner of the screen when a flight plan is active.  The next waypoint name, cross-track distance, bearing to the waypoint, distance to the waypoint and estimated time enroute are printed in the upper right corner of the screen.

 

 
Satellites

 

 

The satellite display shows which satellites are in view and which are actively being used in the position computation.  The satellite display is the first page to be displayed.  The display will change to the PFD as soon as enough satellites are active to provide reliable navigation.  The components of this display are:

 

  • Satellite position view shows the position of each satellite relative to the sky.  The view is always drawn with north up.  Active satellites are drawn with a green border around the satellites number.  Inactive satellites have a yellow border.  Satellites near the center are directly overhead while satellites near the outside of the rings are near the horizon.
  • Satellite signal strength bars show the satellites that are actively being used with green bars and satellites that are in-view but not actively being used in white with a yellow border.
  • UTC Date & Time are shown in the upper right corner of the display.
  • Heading, speed and altitude are displayed if there are enough active satellites to compute these values.
  • Status is 2D if there are at least 3 active satellites and 3d if there are 4 or more active satellites.
  • HDOP, VDOP – Horizontal dilution of precision and Vertical dilution of precision are measurements of the accuracy of horizontal and vertical positions.  The smaller the number the better the accuracy.

 


Nearest Airports

 

This instrument displays the nearest airports and the bearing and distance to each as well as the ATIS, AWOS or ASOS frequency if it is available (look-ahead ATIS).

 

Tap any airport displayed on this screen and detailed information will be displayed for that airport.  Tap the “Direct-To” button at the bottom of the airport information page and a flight plan will be created to take you from your current location directly to that airport.

 

Tap the “Ok” button in the top right corner to return to the Nearest Airport screen.

 

Note: This instrument requires a functioning GPS to be valid.

 

 


 

 

 

Airspeed

 

The airspeed indicator can display Indicated (IAS), True (TAS) or Ground speed (GS) depending on what is selected.  Tap the box in the upper left corner to change the selection.  Ground speed is determined by the GPS.  Indicated airspeed (IAS) is received from the Environmental Pod (VPod) if it is installed.  True airspeed is calculated from the IAS and outside air temperature (OAT).  If a VPod is not installed then only ground speed is displayed.

 

 

Altimeter

 

The altimeter displays pressure altitude if an Environmental Pod (VPod) is installed otherwise it displays GPS altitude.  Pressure altitude can be adjusted for atmospheric conditions by changing the pressure value in the Kollman window.  Tap the Kollman window to display the edit dialog for the pressure value.


 

 

 

Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)

 

The Vertical Speed Indicator

 

Vertical speed is calculated as a change in altitude over time.  Altitude data is received from an Environmental Pod (VPod) if it is installed; otherwise it comes from the GPS altitude.

 


 

 

 

Navigation Indicator or Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)

 

           

 

The Navigation Indicator or Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) 

 

The Navigation Indicator is used similar to any VOR Nav indicator.  Instead of dialing in a navaid radio beacon frequency you can select a navaid by tapping the “Nav” button in the top left corner and entering a 3 or 4 letter identifier.  Select a radial to or from the navaid by tapping the “OBS” button in the lower-left corner and entering a value between 0 and 359.  The station identifier, radio frequency, and radial from the navaid will be displayed in the upper-right corner.  The CDI needle on the nav indicator should match any radio-based indicators in the cockpit since the navaid’s slaved magnetic variation is taken into account.  If a flight plan to a runway is active then the glide slope (GS) indicator will also be active

 

The Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) also operates similar to a standard HSI.  

 

You can toggle between the Navigation Indicator display and the HSI display by tapping on the center of the instrument.

 

 

Time

 

This instrument displays your aircraft’s N-number (just in case you forget) as well as the date, system time, estimated local time, UTC time, a 2-minute countdown timer, and a count-up timer.  The system time is the time set on your PPC device.  The estimated local time is the UTC time plus or minus any adjustments for the current longitude (1 hour per each 60 minutes of longitude).  Since actual time zone adjustments are somewhat erratic the actual local time may be off by up to 1 hour.  Future versions of Apic may implement the actual time zone boundaries so that the local time will no longer be estimated.

 


 

 

 

Engine Speed (RPM)

 

           

 

The RPM instrument displays engine speed and manifold pressure if “Constant Speed Prop(s)” is selected on the APIC->Settings->Aircraft page.

 

If 2 engines are selected on the APIC->Settings->Aircraft page then, 2 needles will be displayed on the Manifold Pressure and RPM gauge.  Tapping either instrument will switch which needle is on top.  A digital value for the top needle will be displayed in the center of each gauge.

 

Note: This instrument is active only if an Engine Pod (EPod) is connected to each engine on the aircraft and the APIC network.

 


Fuel Level and Fuel Management

 

 

The fuel display shows fuel pressure, fuel flow (gph), fuel level in each tank and the amount of flight time remaining at the current flow consumption rate.

 

You can display up to 4 fuel levels.   Set the tanks to display and the amount of useable fuel in each tank on the APIC->Settings->Aircraft menu page.

 

The fuel level indicator for a tank will turn amber when the fuel level in that tank goes below 25% otherwise it will be green.

 

The fuel remaining time will be displayed in white unless the time remaining is less than 1 hour, then it will turn amber.  If the fuel remaining time is less than 45 minutes then the time will be displayed in red.

 

Note: This display is active only if an Engine Pod (EPod) is connected to the aircraft and the APIC network.


 

 

 

Engine Temperature

 

 

Exhaust Gas, Cylinder Head and Turbo-Inlet Temperatures can all be displayed on this instrument.  The min and max temperature values can be set on the APIC->Settings->Limits page.  If any temperature goes above the max value it will be displayed in red.

 

Tap anywhere on the display to toggle between engine 1 and 2.

 

Note: This instrument is only valid if an Engine Pod (EPod) is connected to each engine on the aircraft and the APIC network.

 


 

 

 

Engine Parameters

 

 

Fuel Pressure, Fuel Flow, Oil Pressure, Oil Temperature, Volts and Amps can all be displayed on this instrument.  The min and max values can be set on the APIC->Settings->Limits page.  All values are normalized and laid out as horizontal bars so that they can be scanned very quickly and efficiently for abnormal conditions.  Any value within normal operating conditions will be displayed in green.  Any value out of the min and max green limits will be displayed in amber.  Any value out of the min and max limits will be displayed in red.

 

For aircraft with 2 engines, the bar graphs will be split into two with engine 1 on top and engine 2 beneath.

 

Note: This instrument is active only if an Engine Pod (EPod) is connected to each engine on the aircraft and the APIC network.

 


 

Checklist

 

Tapping the APIC->Checklist menu item will display a dialog that has a tab for PreFlight, PreTakeoff, Enroute, Landing, Shutdown and Emergency checklists.  You may modify these checklists by editing the corresponding .txt files in the <install dir>\Data folder.  There can be 1 of  2 types of entries on each line in these files.   There can be a section divider item or a checklist item.  A section divider is just a short descriptive line of text that describes the following checklist items.  A checklist item is composed of an item to check and the expected state of that item.  A semicolon should separate the item to check and the expected state.  See the following example.

 

 

 

AVIONICS CHECK

    Avionics;Master Switch ON

    Annunciator Lights;TEST and DIM

    Transponder;1200 & Standby

    Marker Beacon;TEST

    Comm Radioes;SET FREQ.

    Nav Radios;SET FREQ.

    Compass;Set to wet compass

 


Flight Plan

 

           

 

Tapping the APIC->Flight Plan menu item will display a dialog where you can enter a flight plan, open a saved flight plan and activate the flight plan.

 

To open a saved flight plan:

  • Tap the “Flight Plan->Find Flight Plan” menu item.
  • Select the desired flight plan.
  • Tap the “Activate” button to initiate the flight plan.

 

To go Direct-To an airport:

  • Add a single airport to the flight plan list.
  • Tap the “Activate” button.

 

To enter a flight plan:

  • Tap the “Flight Plan->Add->Airport, Navaid, Waypoint or User Waypoint”
  • Enter the 3 or 4 letter identifier of an airport, navaid, or waypoint or the name of a user waypoint.
  • Add as many airports, navaids, waypoints or user waypoints as desired.
  • Tap the “Flight Plan->Save Flight Plan” button to save the flight plan just entered.  It will be saved in a file named <first wpt>2<last wpt>.flt
  • Tap the “Activate” button to initiate the flight plan.

 

To cancel an active flight plan:

  • Navigate to APIC->Flight Plan
  • Tap the “Cancel” button.

 

 


Settings

 

Select the “SetPoints” tab to:

·        Set reference bugs for the heading, speed or altitude.  Eventually these values will be used to drive the autopilot. 

·        Select the units for speed.  The units can be either knots or miles-per-hour.

·        Select aeronautical features to display. 

o       Selecting navaids will display all VOR, and NDB sites. 

o       Selecting Airspace will display all A, B, C and D airspace boundaries.

o       Selecting Special-Use will display all Special Use Areas such as restricted areas and Military Operation Areas.

o       Selecting Waypoints will display all VFR reporting points.

o       Self Serve Fuel

o       Restaurants

o       User Waypoints

o       Route tracking

·        Select geographical features to display.

o       Selecting “State Bdrys” will display state boundaries.

o       Selecting Roads will display major roads such as Interstates, US Highways and State Roads.

o       Selecting Lakes, Cities, Urban Areas, Railroads or Wilderness will display the corresponding geographical feature.

o       2D Topography

·        Select geographical features to display names.  Selecting the “Names” checkbox will cause names to be displayed for the corresponding geographical feature.  Names may not actually be displayed until the zoom level close enough to not cause excessive clutter when the names are displayed.

·        Select Bright Display to draw the map with a white background and dark features.  Unselect Bright Display to draw the map with a black background and lighter colored features.

 

 

Select the “Aircraft” tab to set some of the aircraft specific parameters used by APIC. 

  • N# - Aircraft N-Number
  • Fuel Capacity – Set the appropriate check boxes corresponding to the fuel tanks on the aircraft and the capacity of each fuel tank in gallons.
  • V-Speeds are used to draw the airspeed tape and indicator gauge
    • Vne is the Never Exceed speed or red line and top of the yellow arc.
    • Vno is the Maximum structural cruising speed or bottom of the yellow arc and top of the green arc.
    • Vfe is the maximum flaps extended speed or top of the white arc.
    • Vs1 is the stall speed in clean configuration or bottom of the green arc.
    • Vs0 is the stall speed in landing configuration or bottom of the white arc.

 

Select the number of engines on the aircraft

# Cylinders – Select the number of cylinders per engine

Constant  Speed Prop(s) – Set this check box to enable the Manifold pressure gauge on the RPM instrument display.

 

 

 

Select the Limits tab to set additional aircraft parameter limits.  These are only used if an Engine Pod (Epod) is installed.  The parameter limits set here are used to define the allowable ranges drawn on the Eng.Temp and Eng.Params instruments.

 

All of the parameters displayed on the Eng.Params instrument are normalized and laid out as horizontal bars so that the pilot can quickly scan multiple parameters in a single glance.

 

  • MAP – Manifold pressure limits in inches of mercury.
  • RPM – Engine speed limits in revolutions per minute.
  • Fuel P – Fuel pressure limits in psi.
  • Fuel Flw – Fuel flow limits in gallons per hour.
  • Oil P – Oil pressure limits in psi.
  • Oil T – Oil temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.
  • EGT – Exhaust Gas Temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.
  • CHT - Cylinder Head Temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Volts – Aircraft system volt limits.
  • Amps – Aircraft system current limits.

 

 

 Select the “Connections” tab to define how APIC connects to the various measurement devices.   APIC can connect to multiple devices either through a serial (RS232) connection or an Ethernet network.  This page allows the user to define how a device is connected to APIC and to reset the connection with a device if there is a failure.

 

APIC for Pocket PC will automatically scan for a CF Card GPS during start-up if no connection has been previously defined.  If a CF Card GPS is found, APIC will set the connection to the communications port found and set the speed to 4800 baud.  APIC can run with any serial GPS that outputs standard NMEA sentences.

 

If an Attitude Heading Reference System (AHRS) is installed, APIC will use it as the primary source of heading, pitch and roll data.  Otherwise it will use GPS data to determine attitude. 

 

Currently only the Honeywell HMR3000 and HMR3300 are implemented.  The Honeywell devices are low cost tilt compensated digital compasses and do not output valid roll data during dynamic flight conditions.  As a result APIC will only use the heading and pitch data from these devices.  Roll is computed from GPS data.

 

Up to 2 Engine Pods (Epod) can be installed.  One per engine.

 

Currently the Environmental or (Vpod) is not selectable.

 

Currently the Remote Nav/Comm and Transponder connections are not available.  Eventually a remote Nav/Comm device will be used as a backup for navigation in the event of a loss of GPS signal.  Eventually a Transponder connection will be used to obtain encoded altitude data.

 

 


Airport Information Dialog

 

The airport information dialog for any airport can be accessed by any of the following methods:

1)     Tap on the airport symbol on the moving map page.

2)     Tap on the airport identifier on the Nearest Airports page.

3)     Navigate to the Apic->Find->Airport menu item and enter the 3 or 4 letter identifier for the airport of interest.

 

 

The first page that will be displayed is the main Airport page.  This page displays critical information about the airport such as:

 

  • Elevation
  • Runway numbers, lengths and widths
  • Communication frequencies for all phases of flight
  • Important remarks

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tap on the Supp tab to see additional supplemental information about the airport.  The supplemental information includes:

 

  • Hours of operation
  • Local time adjustment from UTC
  • Fuel, Oil and other fluids available
  • Other important remarks about the field and operations at the field.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tap on the Rwy tab to see all of the runways available at the airport.  If the runway is equipped with an ILS, then the tag ILS: will appear to the left of the runway and the frequency for the ILS will appear to the right of the runway.  If the runway is not equipped with an ILS, then the tag RWY: will appear to the left of the runway.  To get guidance to a runway, select the runway from the list and tap the tab labeled “Go Direct-To”.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tap on the Plates tab to see any digital Terminal Publications for the airport.  Possible publications include Airport Diagrams, Departure Procedures or Approach Procedures.  To display a publication, tap on the publication you would like to see and then tap on the “Display Plate” tab. Adobe Acrobat Reader for Pocket PC must be installed in order to view a publication.

 

 

Warnings

 

 

Quick Start

 

  1. Install APIC Software
  2. Install CF card GPS
    1. Insert CF card GPS into CF card slot in PDA
  3. Start APIC Software (Start->Programs->Approach->Apic)
    1. Tap the Start icon of the PDA
    2. Tap “Programs” on the Start menu
    3. Tap the “Approach” folder
    4. Tap the “Apic” icon
  4. Enter aircraft information (APIC->Settings->Aircraft).  This only has to be done once.  After entering the aircraft information it is stored on the PDA and retrieved each time that APIC is restarted.
    1. After APIC has started and loaded it’s the databases it will display the Primary Flight Display (PFD) page.
    2. Tap the “APIC” menu at the bottom of the screen.
    3. Tap the “Settings” menu item.
    4. Tap the “Aircraft” tab at the bottom of the screen.
    5. Enter the following data:

                                                              i.      N# - N-Number of the aircraft.

                                                            ii.      Left tank fuel capacity.

                                                          iii.      Left-Center tank fuel capacity.

                                                           iv.      Right-Center tank fuel capacity.

                                                             v.      Right tank fuel capacity.

                                                           vi.      Vne – Never exceed speed (redline) for this aircraft.

                                                         vii.      Vno – Maximum structural cruising speed (top of the green).

                                                       viii.      Vfe – Maximum flaps extended speed (top of white).

                                                           ix.      Vs1 – Stall speed in clean configuration (bottom of green).

                                                             x.      Vso – Stall speed in landing configuration (bottom of white).

                                                           xi.      # Engines – select either 1 or 2 engines

                                                         xii.      # Cylinders – Select the number of cylinders.

                                                       xiii.      Constant Speed Prop(s) – Check this item if the aircraft has constant speed prop(s).

  1. Select CF card GPS connection (APIC->Settings->Connections).  This only has to be done once.  After entering the GPS connection information it is stored on the PDA and retrieved each time that APIC is restarted.
    1. Tap the Connections tab at the bottom of the screen.
    2. Select the GPS connection.

                                                              i.      Tap the list arrow on the right of the GPS connection box.

                                                            ii.      Select the COM connection that has “CF”  next to it.

    1. Select the GPS connection speed.

                                                              i.      Tap the list arrow on the right of the GPS speed box.

                                                            ii.      Select 4800 from the list.

    1. Tap the “OK” button in the top right of the screen.
  1. APIC will return to the PFD page and will display “Satellites: 0” in red until enough satellites are found to enable 3D navigation.  A steady red light should be illuminated on the left side of the CF GPS device.  Once enough satellites are found APIC will display “Satellites: X” in white, where X is the number of satellites that it has in view.  The red light on the left side of the CF GPS device will begin to flash when it has acquired enough satellites for 2D navigation.
    1. Switch screens by taping one of the icons on the toolbar at the bottom of the screen or select the desired screen from the APIC->Views menu.
  2. To end APIC (APIC->Quit)
    1. Tap the “APIC” menu at the bottom of the screen.
    2. Tap the “Quit” menu item.

 

 


Flight Data Source

 

Flight Data

Primary Source

Secondary Source

True Heading

Mag Heading + Mag Variation

GPS

Mag Heading

AHRS

GPS

Mag. Variation

GPS

Nearest Airport

Ground Track

GPS

 

Altitude

Vpod

GPS

Airspeed

Vpod

Ground Speed

Ground Speed

GPS

Airspeed

Pitch

AHRS

Calculated from rate of climb

Roll

AHRS

Calculated from rate of turn

Lat./Lon.

GPS

Calculated from last known position, heading, airspeed.

Rate of Climb

Altitude

 

Rate of Turn

True Heading

 

Outside Air temp.

Vpod or Epod

 

Angle of Attack

Vpod

 

Slip / Skid

Vpod

 

System Volts

Epod

 

System Amps

Epod

 

Vacuum

Epod

 

Fuel Quantity

Vpod or Epod

 

CHT

Epod

 

EGT

Epod

 

TIT

Epod

 

Oil Temp

Epod

 

Oil Press

Epod

 

Fuel Flow

Epod

 

Fuel Press

Epod

 

Manifold Press

Epod

 

RPM

Epod